Ce film, réalisé en 1989, est un entretien avec celui qui fût le fondateur de la psychothérapie institutionnelle : le psychiatre et psychanalyste d’origine catalane François Tosquelles (1912-1994). Sa vie et son œuvre, traversées par la folie de l'Histoire, ont radicalement infléchi l'histoire de la folie.
The life and work of François Tosquelles were shaped by history, and radically softened our modern perception of madness. The psychiatrist was a Spanish Republican and member of POUM. At the end of the Spanish Civil War he took refuge in France, settling in Lozère at Saint-Alban hospital: the nerve centre of the movement to modernize psychiatric hospitals, and birthplace of the theory and practice of ‘institutional psychotherapy’. During the Vichy regime Saint-Alban embodied the spirit of resistance, providing a forum for psychoanalysts, communists, surrealists and fighters. This film mixes archive material with interviews conducted in a cluttered office, piled high with papers, and takes us through 50 years of the history of madness and freedom, led by the colourfully vivid thoughts and words of François Tosquelles.
(Thanks to Chantal S. and Agnès B.)
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